Born in 1690:
Died in 1690:
Events of 1690:
Johann Hevelius publishes his star atlas Uranographia.
Christiaan Huygens publishes his Traité de la Lumicre
(Treatise on Light).
John Locke publishes
Denis Papin develops a steam engine.
The first paper mill in North America opens in Germantown, ]Pennsylvania] (now inside Philadelphia).
The Ottoman Empire recaptures Belgrade from the Austrians
who had taken it two years previously. Since the local Sebs
had supported the Hapsburg takeover, tens of thousands flee into Hungary.
The English East India Company builds a fort
in Bengal, the site of modern Calcutta.
War of the League of Augsburg/Nine Years' War:
Former King James II is in Ireland with an army. William III (June
14 (25)) leads an army into Ireland defeats the Jacobite at the (July
1 (12)) Battle of the Boyne. Although not a particularly
resounding victory, William captures Dublin and James flees to France
(July 4 (15)), never to return. William lays siege to Limerick but
returns to England on (September 5 (16)) to prepare an army to capture
the Spanish Netherlands from Louis XIV's occupying forces, leaving
general Godert de Ginkel in command. The Duke of Marlborough captures
Cork and Kinsale for William, and things are looking grim for the Jacobites.
(June 30 (July 10)) The French fleet under de Tourville forces the Anglo-Dutch
fleet under the Earl of Torrington to withdraw from Beachy Head
in Sussex. However, de Tourville fails to pursue his advantage,
withdrawing instead back to France.
English governor Codrington captures St. Kitts from the French;
All of the Irish settlers are expelled to Montserrat.
Spain and Savoy join the alliance against France.
Alonso de Leon leads a Spanish expedition into east Texas and locates
the remains of Fort St. Louis, which had been built during la Salle's
The war spreads to North America, where it becomes known as King William's
The Iroqouis and Mohawk ally themselves with William.
(February) French soldiers and Indians led by he the Comte de Frontenac
burn Schenectady and massacre its citizens.
Sir William Phips outfits a New England fleet of 7 ships paid for by
donations from Boston merchants (Massachusetts also issues paper money
for the first time). This fleet arrives off Port
Royal, Nova Scotia which immediately surrenders.
Phips then attempts to capture Quebec but he cannot take the city, and
Factions for and against militia-commander-turned-governor Jacob Leisler
battle it out in the streets of New York.
1689 - 1690 - 1691
How They Were Made - 17th Century