Lytton, The Right Hon. Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, Earl of, G. C. B., son of the novelist and politician; was born in 1831; educated at Harrow and Bonn; entered the diplomatic service in 1849 as attaché at Washington, and successively served in the embassies of Florence, Paris, the Hague, St. Petersburg, Constantinople, Copenhagen, and Lisbon. He was appointed Viceroy of India by the government of Mr. Disraeli in 1876, and it was during his administration that the queen was proclaimed Empress of India. This post he resigned in 1880, being then created an earl. He early attained a certain reputation as a poet under the pen-name of "Owen Meredith." He died Nov. 24, 1891.
Entry from Everybody's Cyclopedia, 1912.