In chess, an isolani is an isolated Queen's pawn, which is to say, a pawn on the d file of a chessboard, with no friendly pawns in the c file or e file, to provide support for it and help it resist capture. Hypermodernist chess master Aron Nimzowitsch coined the term, presumably from the Italian word meaning "insular" or "islanders." An isolani in chess is dynamically strong but statically weak.

Iron Noder 2016, 13/30