Scelrotherapy is a medical technique
used to remove unsightly or disabling varicose veins
. Varicose vein
s appear as, bloated or darkly color veins usually in the legs or feet. Veins, as opposed to arteries
, return de-oxygenated blood
back to the chest to be oxygen
ated in the lungs and redistributed from the heart. Veins, in their ideal state, have an elastic
consistency. The purpose of this elasticity is to help pump, or squeeze blood
against the forces of gravity back up to the heart. In addition, there are tiny valves that open and close along the length of the vein to prevent retrograde
blood flow. However, when the vein becomes brittle or twisted usually from old age, obesity
, or extended periods of standing, the valve
in the vein no longer functions and the blood pools in the veins and enlarges them.
The sclerotherapy procedure involves injecting the varicose vein with a solution that closes off the valve and redirects blood to a healthier vein reducing the amount of discoloration and swelling. This is done in small to medium sized veins
Lasers are also used to seal the veins. Both procedures are outpatient procedures with little or no pain. There are surgical treatments available only for the most serious or extreme cases.