Edmond Halley (person)
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|1656–1742, English [astronomer] and [mathematician].
Best remembered for the [Halley's Comet|comet] that bears his name, Edmond Halley was one of the great scientists of all time. He discovered the proper motion of stars, made important studies of the moon's motion, and his investigations of the Earth's magnetic field and of tides were unrivalled for centuries.
Halley played a crucial role in the [Newtonian revolution] in the [natural sciences]. It was Edmond Halley who set the question that led [Sir Isaac Newton] to write the [Principia], and who edited, paid for, and reviewed it.
Halley's prediction of the [transit of Venus] led to [Captain Cook]'s voyage to [Tahiti] and to an [accurate calculation] of [the distance between the Earth and Sun].
Halley used his knowledge of erosion, and measurements of salt in ocean water, to come up with an early estimate of the age of the planet [Earth] itself.
As a young man, he sailed to [St. Helena] to chart the [unmapped stars] of the [Southern Hemisphere]. Moreover, Halley knew the leading artists of his age--[Wren], [Pepys], [Handel], [Purcell], and [John Dryden]--and he travelled widely throughout Europe, meeting numerous fellow scientists and serving on a variety of diplomatic missions. He even spent a number of adventurous years as [commander] of a [Royal Navy|Royal Naval] warship.