Calcium is a mineral that is crucial for proper formation of strong bones and teeth. It also plays a vital role in maintaining regular heartbeat and the proper transmission of nerve impulses. Calcium stores determine the effect peristaltic action of the intestines and the health of muscle fiber. This mineral is also necessary for blood clotting and is believed to help prevent the development of colon cancer. Calcium may also helped to reduce high blood pressure and can minimize bone loss that commonly occurs to post-menopausal women resulting in osteoporosis.

A lack of calcium can cause muscle cramps, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, and bone loss.

Calcium can help protect the bones and teeth from lead toxicity; in children who have a low calcium level and are exposed to lead, absorption of the lead is much higher. Calcium also regulates the acid-alkaline balance in the blood, metabolizes iron and can help protect against radiation exposure. Calcium and phosphorus should be balanced two-to-one in the human body.

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