Located in western Attica
, the southern peninsula
that holds the capital city of Athens
. The second largest city in Greece, though sometimes considered more a suburb of Athens.
The port of Piraeus was created in the 5th century B.C. by Themistocles
, one of the most famous maritime planners in history. Themistocles believed that the future of Athens was in the sea, and developed of a secure harbor
for Athens' commerce and an expanding navy. First the wall of Piraeus was built (493 to 479 B.C.), then later fortified by Pericles
with the Makra Teiche (the Long Walls), which protected both sides of the road all the way from the port to Athens.
Today Piraeus is the major port of Greece
and one of the largest in the Mediterranean.