Return to Greece (place)

The [Hellenic Republic] of Greece, also known as [Ellas] or [Elliniki Dhimokratia], is a land of mountains and islands, covering [50,949 sq mi|131,957 sq km]. To the west of Greece lies the [Ionian Sea], to the south the [Mediterranean Sea|Mediterranean], and to the east the [Aegean Sea]. Its northern land borders include [Albania], [Macedonia], [Bulgaria], and [Turkey]. There are more than 2,000 [Greek islands], 170 of them inhabited. The country's capital is [Athens].


Greek history

The long history of Greece began in the so-called classical era, and continued with a period of [Macedonia|Macedonian] supremacy, before entering the [Roman] and [Byzantine] eras. The [Ottoman empire] dominated Greece for many years before a movement for [independence] began in the 1820s. Modern Greece has included a period of military dictatorship 1967-1973, and democracy returned in 1974. In 1981, Greece became a member of the [European Community] (now the [European Union]).


Greek language

The [Greek] language has evolved considerably since the days of ancient Greek, passing through periods characterised as [archaic], classical, [Hellenistic], and Byzantine Greek, before arriving at the modern variety of the language.


Greek society and culture

Byzantine rule led to Greek adoption of [Orthodox Christianity], and the period of [Ottoman] rule also had a strong influence on the country's culture. Greek [literature] has included ancient writers like [Homer], [Sophocles], [Plato], and [Aristotle], and more modern writers like [Nikos Kazantzakis], author of [Zorba the Greek]. Greece has also given the world the [Olympic Games], which first began in ancient Greece.


Greek art and architecture

Ancient Greece left a legacy of [sculpture], [mosaic], and crafts. The Archaic period (800-480 BC) showed [Egyptian] influence; the Classical period (480-323 BC) was characterised by dignified realism; and the Hellenistic period (323-27 BC) was more exuberant and dramatic.

Greek [architecture] perfected three orders of columns: the [Doric], [Ionic], and [Corinthian]. These led to fine buildings like the [Parthenon], the [temple of Diana] in [Ephesus], and the [Mausoleum] in [Halicarnassus], one of the [Seven Wonders of the World].




Sources:
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc, 1994-2000
The Hutchinson Encyclopedia, Helicon Publishing Ltd, 1996
Chronicle of the World, Chronicle Communications Ltd, London, 1989

The following [e2] nodes may be of interest. /Msg me with any additions.


Geography
  • [Athens]
  • [Balkan Peninsula]
  • [CIA World Factbook - Greece]
  • [Corfu]
  • [Corinth]
  • [Crete]
  • [Cyclades]
  • [Greek Islands]
  • [Ionian Islands]
  • [Iraklion]
  • [Ithaca]
  • [Lesbos]
  • [Macedonia]
  • [National Parks of Greece]
  • [Patras]
  • [Peloponnese]
  • [Piraeus]
  • [Rhodes]
  • [Thessaloniki]

History
  • [Achaean]
  • [Acropolis]
  • [Aeschines]
  • [Alexander the Great]
  • [Ancient Greece]
  • [ancient Greece and Rome timeline]
  • [Ancient Greek calendar]
  • [ancient Greek masks]
  • [Ancient Greek Pottery]
  • [Ancient Greek theatre]
  • [Antikythera mechanism]
  • [apoikia]
  • [Archimedes]
  • [Black figure]
  • [Boeotian]
  • [Cithara]
  • [city-state]
  • [classical Greek architecture]
  • [Classics]
  • [Cleisthenes]
  • [Constantine]
  • [Corinth]
  • [Corinthian]
  • [Diophantus]
  • [Dorian]
  • [Doric]
  • [Elgin marbles]
  • [Euclid]
  • [Eureka]
  • [Greek amphitheatres]
  • [Greek and Roman Rule of Egypt]
  • [Greek Architecture]
  • [Greek Art]
  • [Greek civil war]
  • [Greek Dark Age]
  • [Greek fire]
  • [Greek Magical Papyri]
  • [Greek number system]
  • [Greek Prostitutes]
  • [Greek Timeline 480-323BC]
  • [Greek War of Independence]
  • [heliaia]
  • [Hellenistic]
  • [Hippocrates]
  • [Home Life in Ancient Greece]
  • [Ionic]
  • [Italian invasion of Greece]
  • [King Gyges]
  • [Laws and Constitution of Athens]
  • [Marathon]
  • [Minoa]
  • [Mount Olympus]
  • [Mycenaean]
  • [Nothing new about Ancient Greece will be learned until the Vatican is plundered]
  • [Ohrid]
  • [Olympic Games]
  • [Origins of Greek Currency]
  • [Ottoman Empire]
  • [Parthenon]
  • [Parthenon marbles]
  • [Peloponnesian War]
  • [Pericles]
  • [Phratry]
  • [Pisistratus]
  • [Plataea]
  • [polis]
  • [Pythagoras]
  • [Red Figure]
  • [Salamis]
  • [School of Athens]
  • [Sexual politics in Democratic Athens]
  • [Solon]
  • [Sparta]
  • [Sports in Ancient Greece]
  • [The Greek Dark Age]
  • [The Rise of Athens]
  • [The royal houses of Troy and Greece]
  • [Thebes]
  • [Thermopylae]
  • [Timeline of Classical Greece]
  • [Troy]
  • [Xerxes]
  • [Xerxes I and the Attempted Conquest of Greece]

Culture
  • [Aristophanes]
  • [Computer games banned in Greece]
  • [Greek chorus]
  • [Greek Drama]
  • [Greek studs: a Foucauldian sideways glance at Aristotle's package]
  • [Herodotus]
  • [Homer]
  • [Homeric Greek]
  • [Mesopotamian and Greek Myths Concerning Male and Female Roles in Society]
  • [Odyssey]
  • [Olympics 1896 - Athens]
  • [Olympics 1906 - Athens]
  • [Olympics 2004 - Athens]
  • [Sophocles]
  • [Zorba the Greek]

Food
  • [Greek coffee]
  • [Avgolemono (Egg Lemon Soup)]
  • [dolma]
  • [Greek delight]
  • [Greek olive oil]
  • [Greek yogurt]
  • [Greek Recipes]
  • [Parsley, Lemon and Feta Cheese Salad]
  • [retsina]
  • [roasted red pepper and feta dip]
  • [saganaki]
  • [Serrano and spinach tiropetes]
  • [Smoked eggplant]
  • [spanakopita]
  • [tiropites]
  • [tzatziki]
  • [Warm Eggplant Salad]

Language
  • [Breathing marks in Greek]
  • [Classical Greek]
  • [Communication In Greek Transportation]
  • [Greek]
  • [Greek alphabet]
  • [Greek and Coptic]
  • [Greek Cognates]
  • [Greek Extended]
  • [Greek in English]
  • [Greek Particles]
  • [Greek Roots]
  • [Greek words for love]
  • [Late Greek]
  • [Medieval Greek]
  • [Modern Greek]
  • [Modern Greek pronunciation]

Philosophy
  • [Anytus]
  • [Apology of Socrates - Condemnation]
  • [Apology of Socrates - Conviction]
  • [Apology of Socrates - Defense]
  • [Aristotle]
  • [Aristotle and Phyllis]
  • [Aristotle and the University of Paris]
  • [Aristotle's 12 Virtues]
  • [Aristotle's Causes]
  • [Aristotle's Doctrine of Substances]
  • [Aristotle's Doctrine of the Soul]
  • [Aristotle's Lost Library, Medieval Andalusia & Chinese Paper, or How Europe Learned to Learn Again and Why the Renaissance Happened When & Where It Did]
  • [Aristotle's Wheel]
  • [Black Athena]
  • [Early Greek philosophy and Logos]
  • [Human Nature in Chinese and Greek Philosophy: External or Internal?]
  • [Poetics]
  • [Presocratic Greek Philosophers]
  • [Relatively Unknown Famous Greek Philosophers]
  • [Socrate]
  • [Socrates]
  • [Socrates on Death]
  • [Stasis, Change and Atoms in Ancient Greek Philosophy]
  • [The most important concept passed on to the American government by the Greeks]
  • [why Socrates was REALLY executed]
  • [Xenophon]

Politics
  • [Andreas Papandreou]
  • [Constitution of Greece]
  • [European Union]
  • [Greek/Turkish Cypriot border]

Religion and Mythology
  • [Asclepion]
  • [Athena]
  • [Eris]
  • [Eris - Greek Genealogy]
  • [Family Tree of the Gods of Greek Mythology]
  • [Greek and Roman Mythology]
  • [Greek vs Biblical views of creation]
  • [Homosexuals of Greek Mythology]
  • [Lost Goddesses of Early Greece]
  • [Mythos : Roman to Greek - A table of Gods]
  • [Of Gods and Men: On Greek Religion]
  • [On the Priestly Art According to the Greeks]
  • [Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology]
  • [The House of Athens]

Miscellaneous
  • [Aristotle Onassis]
  • [Callicantzaros]
  • [Greece, Miletus, and Thales: The Birth of the Boundary Breakers]
  • [Greek Gift]
  • [Greek Minority in Albania]
  • [Greek names]
  • [Greek Revolution]
  • [Greek tortoise]
  • [Greeks like their women armless]
  • [It's all Greek to me]
  • [It's Greek To Me]
  • [Mikis Theodorakis]
  • [Phyle]
  • [The Greek Goddess]
  • [The Pythagorean Theorem: A Vast Right Triangle Conspiracy?]
  • [The Story of the Greek King and the Physician Douban]
  • [The Unspeakable Vice of the Greeks]
  • [To Koutouki]

Existing:


Non-Existing: