The Iroquois still exist, primarily in upstate New York and Quebec, though their large-scale political alliance is a thing of the past. Contrary to popular belief, they are considered independent nations and their territory is not a government-controlled "reservation."

The Iroquois were probably the most democratic society in the world during the 1700's. In fact, their Confederation became the model for the United States Constitution. The five (later six) nations functioned as independent entities but shared a common language and culture. Women were treated equally to men; while the tribal council members, or "sachems", were men, they were chosen for this position by women, who were considered the heads of families and inherited property. Though the Iroquois were fierce warriors, they never went to war with fellow Iroquois nations and maintaned a strong domestic peace.

Incidentally, they also invented lacrosse.