The annual all-Athenian
celebration for the goddess Athena
. The holiday was celebrated every year, but every fourth year it was conducted in great pomp and magnificence. The purpose of the holiday was to change the 'Peplos'
for frock, but this peplos was no more than a cover for a statue) of the statue of the goddess
in her temple - The Parthenon
This peplos was weaved for a whole year by twelve virgin maidens, and no non-virgin was allowed to touch it (save the priests of Athena, of course).
The peplos was carried to the Parthenon in a great procession accompanied by music and dancing. It was considered a great honour to be allowed to participate in the procession
This ceremony was followed by several days of festivities, in which athletic as well as poetic competitions were held.