Amongst other atrocities performed in Australia against Aboriginals, the use of "black" and "white" as racial identifiers was taken dangerously literally. Not all Aboriginals are dark brown; some are very pale or even albino. Families and tribes were split into different cultural roles due to their different colouring - the "white" ones were taken into Anglo-Saxon society and forced apart from their "black" counterparts, who were forced into slavery and institutionalisation.

In light of this bizarre discrimination, it is now politically contentious to refer to racial differences as "blackness" and "whiteness". The more "correct" terms are "Aboriginal" and "non-Aboriginal".