This broad medical field is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that afflict people who live in or visit tropical areas of the world. The tropics are a breeding ground for truly nasty pathogens; tomorrow's global epidemic may be just a local swampland plague today, so the field is very important to human medicine as a whole.

The diseases studied and treated in tropical medicine include:

The field also concerns itself with international health policies, health economics, and epidemiology.

From the science dictionary at

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