In literature, pathetic repetition is a special usage of repetition, in which the desired effect is one of desperation or futility. Consider the following lines of Ovid's Metamorphoses:
at pater infelix, nec iam pater, "Icare," dixit,
"Icare," dixit "ubi es? qua te regione requiram?
Icare" dicebat ...
Or, for you non-Latin speakers,
But the unlucky father, now no longer a father, said, "Icarus, Icarus, where are you? Where shall I look for you? Icarus?"
Here, Daedalus's cries of woe are augmented by his repetition of his son's name.

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