refer to carbon
atoms as nucleophilic
if they have a partial negative charge on them, and thus have an affinity
for reacting with delta-positive carbon atoms such as in carbonyl
Grignard reagents of the form R-Mg-X, where a carbon atom is bonded to electron-donating magnesium, are prime examples of nucleophilic species. Grignards and other carbanions, being nucleophilic, are useful intermediates in organic synthesis, as they allow one to easily extend the carbon skeleton of a molecule.