This is a recipe from PiHKAL
. If you're interested in how the hardlinks
were chosen, read noding PiHKAL for Everything2
To a solution
of 5.8 g of homosyringonitrile
for its preparation) in 50 mL of acetone
containing 100 mg of
iodide there was added 7.8 mL methallyl chloride
followed by 6.9 g of finely powdered anhydrous K2CO3
. The suspension
was kept at reflux by a heating mantle, with effective stirring.
After 6 h an additional 4.0 mL of methallyl chloride
was added, and
the refluxing was continued for an additional 36 h. The solvent
excess methallyl chloride
was removed under vacuum and the residue was
added to 400 mL H2O. This solution
was extracted with 3x75 mL CH2
The extracts were pooled, washed with 2x50 mL 5% NaOH
, and the solvent
removed to provide a dark brown oil. This was distill
ed at 120-130 °C
at 0.4 mm/Hg
to provide 6.1 g of
as a lemon-colored
viscous oil. Anal. (C14H17NO3
A suspension of 4.2 g LAH in 160 mL anhydrous
THF under He was
stirred, cooled to 0 °C, and treated with 2.95 ml of 100% H2SO4 added
dropwise. This was followed by the addition of 6.0 g of
d in 10 mL
THF, at a slow rate with vigorous stirring. The reaction
mixture was held at reflux on the steam bath for 0.5 h, brought back
to room temperature
, and the excess hydride
destroyed with IPA.
Sufficient 15% NaOH
was added to convert the formed solids to a loose,
granular texture, and the entire mixture filtered and washed with THF.
The filtrate and washings were pooled, the solvent
vacuum, and the residue added to 500 mL dilute HCl. This solution
washed with 2x50 mL CH2
Cl2, made basic with aqueous NaOH
extracted with 3x75 mL CH2
Cl2. The extracts were pooled, the solvent
removed under vacuum, and the residual
pale amber oil distill
120-130 °C at 0.3 mm/Hg
to provide 1.5 g of a white oil. This was
d in 8.0 mL of IPA and neutralized with 25 drops of
concentrated HCl. The addition of 40 ml of anhydrous Et2O
stirring produced, after a few moments delay, a spontaneous
lization of 3,5-dimethoxy-4-methallyloxyphenethylamine
(MAL) as fine white needles. After standing overnight
these were removed by filtration, washed with an IPA/Et2O
then with Et2O
, and allowed to air dry to constant weight. The
product weighed 1.1 g, and had a mp of 153-154 °C. Anal.
40 - 65 mg.
12 - 16 h.
(with 45 mg) Too much overload. I am
sur-rounded with unreality. I do not choose to repeat the
(with 45 mg) I am basically favorably impressed. I believe the
initial discomfort would be alleviated by taking two 30 milligram
doses separated by an hour.
(with 45 mg) Much too much too much. There are shades of what might
become amnesia. I am losing immediate contact. I will not repeat.
(with 50 mg) A good level. I found myself totally caught up in the
visual theater. Although I had trouble sleeping, I would willingly
repeat the experiment at the same level.
(with 60 mg) Extremely restless. Am very impressed with all the
activity. But if I repeated it would be at a lower dose.
(with 60 mg) Friendly territory. There is much kaleidoscopic `neon'
colors. Eyes closed very active. Eyes open there is considerable
visual distortions seen in melted wax. Faces are distorted (friendly)
but the sinister is not far away.
(with 65 mg) Completely involved--good psyche
entertainment with alternation (i.e., depth and movement) at the
retinal level--detail in watercolors. Later in the experience (the 8
hour point) easy childhood memory recall.
(with 65 mg) Beautiful. To a +2 by the 1st hr and continued
climbing. Intense +3 within 2 hrs. Quite strong body. Diuretic.
Fantasy, imagery, erotic. Way up, good connections between parts of
self. Slight slowing of pulse in 7th to 8th hour. Excellent solid
sleep with strong, clear, balancing dreams. But not until after 12
EXTENSIONS AND COMMENTARY:
This testimony can be accurately described
as a mixed bag!
This base, MAL, lies as a hybrid of two other compounds, AL and CPM.
It is an olefin (as is AL) which means that it has a place of
unsaturation in its structure. And it is an isostere
of CPM which
means that the carbon
atoms are all in the same location, but just the
s (called the chemical bonds) are in different
places. Actually there is yet a third compound in this same picture,
. And yet, although all of them have extremely close
structural similarities, there are such great differences in action
that one does not dare to generalize. CPM leads largely to fantasy,
MAL largely to visual imagery, AL is twice as potent as either of
these but it doesn't show either effect, and PROPYNYL
without any action at all.
Speaking of generalization, I am glad that there are always
exceptions. Some years ago, I had a most difficult experience with a
strain of marijuana that was known by the name of DRED. The only word
that I can use to describe my response to it is to say that I felt I
had been poisoned. From this I warned myself to beware (and to
believe in) whatever common name a drug might have been given.
Fortunately, MAL did not live up to its name (at least for me),
although some of the experimental subjects might disagree!
One additional compound was suggested by these parallels. Each of
these three drugs can be viewed as having a negative something hanging
out a-ways from the molecular
center. With AL and MAL, this is the
olefin double bond. With CPM this is a very strained three-member
ring. What about an oxygen? The reaction between homosyringonitrile
and methoxyethyl chloride
produced the precursor to such a product
) but the yield was
so bad that the project was abandoned. This same grouping has
successfully been put into the 4-position of the sulfur
, and the result ( 2C-T-13
) has proved to be quite a potent and
interesting material. Maybe someday hang a sulfur
atom out there at
the end of that chain.
The name methallylescaline
actually is completely unsound. There is
no union of a methallyl
with an escaline. What is really there is not
an escaline at all, but rather a mescaline with a 2-propene
to the methyl
of the methoxy on the 4-position. There is no way of
naming the thing in that manner, so the only logical solution
take off the methyl
entirely, and then put the methallyl
on in its
place. The name of this would then be
. That would have received the
abbreviation MAD which would have been even more difficult to deal
with. MAL is preferable.
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