One of the three groups of steroid hormone
s which are produced by the adrenal cortex
. There are three different types of glucocorticoids: cortisone
, and cortisol
. These hormones increase the rate at which proteins are broken down (catabolized), mobilize free fatty acids
, regulate the making of glucose in the liver
(gluconeogenesis), and decrease the inflammatory response including allergic
responses (are anti-inflammatory compounds).
From the BioTech Dictionary at http://biotech.icmb.utexas.edu/. For further information see the BioTech homenode.