Citation was also the name of a racehorse
which won racing's Triple Crown
in 1948 (winning the Kentucky Derby
by 3 1/2 length
s; the Preakness Stakes
by 5 1/2 lengths; and the Belmont Stakes
by 8 lengths). He would be the last Triple Crown winner in 25 years (Secretariat
: 1973) and is only one of 11 horses to accomplish the feat.
He was ridden by the legendary Eddie Arcaro and owned by famed Calumet Farms.
Citation was the first horse to earn over one million dollars in winnings, before his retirement in 1951.
Citation won 32 of his 45 races (but won 27 of 29 races when in his prime in 1947 and 1948).
In 1970, at the age of 25, Citation passed away.
In 1999, ESPN selected Citation as #97 on their SportsCentury list of the 100 greatest North American athletes of the 20th century (whether or not you view a racehorse as an "athlete", ESPN did; for e2 purposes, I choose to list him as a thing, not a person).