One of the officials of the Roman Republic
. 2 Censores (the Latin plural for Censor), were elected every 5 years, and they served for a period of 18 months.
Their job was to perform the Census: to count the number of Roman citizens, and estimate their property.
This was a significant role, because people were divided between the classes in the Gatherings of the citizens according to their property. The higher one's class was in the Gatherings the more power his vote carried.
The Censores also decided who was entitled to be a member of the Senate.
Another job the Censores performed was to watch over the moral behaviour of the citizens. If they noticed immoral behaviour (sexual or otherwise) performed by a citizen, they could fine him. They could also fine people for abusing their wives, children, slaves or livestock.