The Zeigarnik effect (first codified by Russian psychologist Bluma Ziegarnik in 1927) refers to the human tendency to remember an uncompleted task better than a completed one. This is presumably because an uncompleted task offers less closure
and makes less sense. Therefore, our brains keep it in working memory, hoping to clarify it. Something that we've completed no longer poses an active challenge and/or threat, so we can safely file it away in memory without extensive rehearsal
. For me this brings to mind similar effects that have been found for trauma
tic experiences: when a person is unable to tell a story about their suffering, it prey
s on their mind, causing a wide variety of physical and psychological symptoms (PTSD
, with its associated flashback
s, may be an extreme form of this). As I learned well during my work with Jamie Pennebaker
, the best way to dispel this continuing stress is to work at developing a coherent
story about your experiences, which helps get them out of your head.
Although widely discussed throughout psychology and worth knowing about for this reason, there is some modern evidence that the Zeigarnik effect may not be real. However, the trauma research I have described here is extensively replicate
d and generalize
d, and does appear to be reliable.