-Archduke Franz Ferdinand
gets shot in Serbia, this is the wee spark that started The Great War
-Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.
-Germany declares war on Russia.
-Germany declares war on France.
-Germany invades Belgium, which is neutral. Germany wants to start isolating Britain’s Navy.
-Great Britain declares war on Germany.
Week of August 26
-Russians attack Germany, forcing Germany to withdraw resources from France.
-In the Marne, the French halt German advances.
es were dug along many major fronts. Marks start of trench warfare
, the bloodiest kind of warfare ever seen.
-The soldiers see the pointlessness of war and sing Christmas songs
to each other. Fighting resumes half-heartedly the next day.
Sometime This Year
: Turks deported all the Armenian
s from the Russian war zone. Armenians were suspected of being possible Russian sympathizers. The Armenians died en masse during the deportation.
-Germans start using airship
-Germany decides that it shall conduct unrestrict
warfare, all ships can be considered targets.
-Allies invade Gallipoli
, hoping of moving north into the Balkans.
sunk. This angers the allies, as the Lusitania was a ‘passenger’ ship. The Germans thought it was carrying munitions
, and even published ads in the New York Times
warning passengers not to board the ship.
finally declares war on Austria-Hungary
-Germany tries to appease the still neutral
US by promising to give some warning before sinking ships, such as surfacing subs and firing warning shots.
February 21-December 18
battle was fought between the Germans and French. There were 1 million casualties, it was a strategic draw.
May 31-June 1
was the only Naval
battle of the war. It was fought to a draw like Verdun, between the British
and German navies
July 1-November 18-
the battle in Somme
causes 1 million deaths, and no strategic gain. Things look bleak for the allies at this point in the war
is reelected Commander-in-Chief. The British also elect new prime minister shortly after.
is murdered by family members of the Tsar. They feared his influence over the Tsar.
Sometime This Year
-The British issue the Balfour Note
declaring their support for a Jewish
state in the country of Palestine
-Germany re-declares unrestricted submarine warfare against all ships in the Atlantic
. Ships are sunk without warning.
-The United States declares war on Germany. The American public expresses support for the Triple Entente.
-Lawrence of Arabia
and the Arabs capture Aqaba
. Impetus for string of 1950’s war movies with bad British actors
-Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky
is appointed Prime Minister by the Tsar, to appease the revolutionaries
’s Bolshevik socialist
s overthrow Kerensky's weak government.
signs an armistice
-The British capture Jerusalem, finally finishing off the crusades
started 900 years previously.
or The Spanish Flu of 1918
kills more people then the entire war.
presents his 14 points
for world peace and blatant Americanism. (As pointed out by several fellow noders, the 14 points, League of Nations, and effects of nationalism cannot be distilled down to something this basic.
-Germans shell Paris.
s slaughter the Tsar and his family.
-Allied push on the Somme causes German retreat
-Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicate
s, and runs with his tail between his legs to Holland
, where he lives until his death in 1941
-So the saying goes: At eleven o'clock on the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918, The Armistice
, the last Austrian emperor abdicate
proclaims itself a Republic
. The following week Hungry proclaims itself a Republic. The Fruits of Democracy
spread gloriously though Europe. Before a peace conference could convene, the Austrian-Hungary empire becomes an anarchy
, then a multitude of smaller countries.
Nationalities get recognition from the Allies.
This was an assignment for my Topics of the 20th Century IB class. Sources: I used my notes from class, given by Mr. Rushing, my teacher. For some of the dates, I used http://pbs.org/greatwar/timeline
Kudos to the collaborative environment that is E2. I have linked to the year-by-year pages, and they have far surpassed my own meager timeline.