Anything relating or conforming to the style guidelines put forth in Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, which is alternately referred to as the Turabian Manual and the Chicago Manual. The manual covers everything from comma placement to abbreviations, but is most famous for its sections on footnote citations and bibliographic references, which exhaustively proscribes ways of citing pretty much every possible form of source, including in more recent editions developments such as online sources.

"Turabian style"/"Chicago style" references are standard for works by historians, and mandatory in many academic history courses. For examples of this kind of style, go on any search engine and state for "Turabian" and you will find pages of sample Turabian references. Of course, almost every library in the universe has a copy of the Turabian guide, so checking the original book is easy.

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