Held at the request of Queen
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
and Czar Nicholas II
to discuss worldwide reduction in arms
and standardization of the rules
. The ten week conference
, held at the Huis ten Bosch palace in Den Haag
, ended in late July
and adopted conventions
of civilized warfare
Among the agreements made was a five year moratorium on the use of aerial bombardment from balloons; a permanent ban on "the use of projectiles the object of which is the diffusion of asphyxiating or deleterious gases;" and a permanent ban on the use of bullets designed to mushroom upon impact with the human body (much like the dum-dum bullets of the time did).
The convention also allowed for the creation of a Permanent Court of Arbitration, or a War Crimes Tribunal, to settle disputes in this and future conventions.