A fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm
There was once a poor man and a poor woman who had nothing but a
little cottage, and who earned their bread by fishing, and always
lived from hand to mouth. But it came to pass one day when the man
was sitting by the water-side, and casting his net, that he drew out
a fish entirely of gold. As he was looking at the fish, full of
astonishment, it began to speak and said, "Listen, fisherman, if you
will throw me back again into the water, I shall change your little
hut into a splendid castle."
Then the fisherman answered, "Of what use is a castle to me, if I have
nothing to eat?"
The gold fish continued, "That will be taken care
of, there will be a cupboard in the castle in which, when you open
it, shall be dishes of the most delicate meats, and as many of them
as you can desire."
"If that be true," said the man, "then I can well do
you a favour."
"Yes," said the fish, "there is, however, the condition
that you shall disclose to no one in the world, whosoever he may be,
whence your good luck has come, if you speak but one single word, all
will be over." Then the man threw the wonderful fish back again into
the water, and went home.
But where his hovel had formerly stood, now stood a great castle. He
opened wide his eyes, entered, and saw his wife dressed in beautiful
clothes, sitting in a splendid room, and she was quite delighted, and
said, "Husband, how has all this come to pass? It suits me very well."
"Yes," said the man, "it suits me too, but I am frightfully hungry, just
give me something to eat."
Said the wife, "But I have got nothing and
don't know where to find anything in this new house."
"There is no
need of your knowing," said the man, "for I see yonder a great
cupboard, just unlock it." When she opened it, there stood cakes,
meat, fruit, wine, quite a bright prospect.
Then the woman cried joyfully, "What more can you want, my dear?" And
they sat down, and ate and drank together. When they had had enough,
the woman said, "But husband, whence come all these riches?"
answered he, "do not question me about it, for I dare not tell you
anything. If I disclose it to anyone, then all our good fortune will
"Very good," said she, "if I am not to know anything, then I
do not want to know anything." However, she was not in earnest. She
never rested day or night, and she goaded her husband until in his
impatience he revealed that all was owing to a wonderful golden fish
which he had caught, and to which in return he had given its liberty.
And as soon as the secret was out, the splendid castle with the
cupboard immediately disappeared, they were once more in the old
fisherman's hut, and the man was obliged to follow his former trade
But fortune would so have it, that he once more drew out the golden
fish. "Listen," said the fish, "if you will throw me back into the
water again, I shall once more give you the castle with the cupboard
full of roast and boiled meats. Only be firm, for your life's sake
don't reveal from whom you have it, or you will lose it all again."
shall take good care," answered the fisherman, and threw the fish back
into the water.
Now at home everything was once more in its former
magnificence, and the wife was overjoyed at their good fortune, but
curiosity left her no peace, so that after a couple of days she began
to ask again how it had come to pass, and how he had managed to
secure it. The man kept silence for a short time, but at last she
made him so angry that he broke out, and betrayed the secret.
In an instant the castle disappeared, and they were back again in
their old hut. "Now you have got what you want?" said he, "and we can
gnaw at a bare bone again."
"Ah," said the woman, "I had rather not have
riches if I am not to know from whom they come, for then I have no
The man went back to fish, and after a while he chanced to draw out
the gold fish for a third time. "Listen," said the fish, "I see very
well that I am fated to fall into your hands, take me home and cut me
into six pieces. Give your wife two of them to eat, two to your
horse and bury two of them in the ground, then they will bring you a
blessing." The fisherman took the fish home with him, and did as it
had bidden him. It came to pass, however, that from the two pieces
that were buried in the ground two golden lilies sprang up, that the
horse had two golden foals, and the fisherman's wife bore two
children who were made entirely of gold. The children grew up,
became tall and handsome, and the lilies and horses grew likewise.
Then they said, "Father, we want to mount our golden steeds and travel
out in the world."
But he answered sorrowfully, "How shall I bear it
if you go away, and I know not how it fares with you?"
said, "The two golden lilies remain here. By them you can see how it
is with us. If they are fresh, then we are in health. If they are
withered, we are ill. If they perish, then we are dead."
So they rode forth and came to an inn, in which were many people, and
when they perceived the gold-children they began to laugh, and jeer.
When one of them heard the mocking he felt ashamed and would not go
out into the world, but turned back and went home again to his
father. But the other rode forward and reached a great forest. As he
was about to enter it, the people said, "It is not safe for you to
ride through, the wood is full of robbers who would treat you badly.
You will fare ill, and when they see that you are all of gold, and
your horse likewise, they will assuredly kill you."
But he would not allow himself to be frightened, and said, "I must and
shall ride through it." Then he took bear-skins and covered himself
and his horse with them, so that the gold was no more to be seen, and
rode fearlessly into the forest.
When he had ridden onward a little
he heard a rustling in the bushes, and heard voices speaking
together. From one side came cries of, "There is one, but from the
other, let him go, 'tis a bearskin, as poor and bare as a
church-mouse, what should we gain from him?" So the gold-child rode
joyfully through the forest, and no evil befell him.
One day he entered a village wherein he saw a maiden, who was so
beautiful that he did not believe that any more beautiful than she
existed in the world. And as such a mighty love took possession of
him, he went up to her and said, "I love you with my whole heart, will
you be my wife?" He, too, pleased the maiden so much that she agreed
and said, "Yes, I shall be your wife, and be true to you my whole life
Then they were married, and just as they were in the greatest
happiness, home came the father of the bride, and when he saw that
his daughter's wedding was being celebrated, he was astonished, and
said, "Where is the bridegroom?" They showed him the gold-child, who,
however, still wore his bear-skins. Then the father said wrathfully,
"A bearskin shall never have my daughter," and was about to kill him.
Then the bride begged as hard as she could, and said, "He is my
husband, and I love him with all my heart," until at last he allowed
himself to be appeased.
Nevertheless the idea never left his
thoughts, so that next morning he rose early, wishing to see whether
his daughter's husband was a common ragged beggar. But when he
peeped in, he saw a magnificent golden man in the bed, and the
cast-off bear-skins lying on the ground. Then he went back and
thought, "What a good thing it was that I restrained my anger. I
would have committed a great crime."
But the gold-child dreamed that he rode out to hunt a splendid stag,
and when he awoke in the morning, he said to his wife, "I must go out
hunting." She was uneasy, and begged him to stay there, and said, "You
might easily meet with a great misfortune."
But he answered, "I must and shall go."
Thereupon he got up, and rode forth into the forest, and it was not
long before a fine stag crossed his path exactly according to his
dream. He aimed and was about to shoot it, when the stag ran away.
He gave chase over hedges and ditches for the whole day without
feeling tired, but in the evening the stag vanished from his sight,
and when the gold-child looked round him, he was standing before a
little house, wherein sat a witch.
He knocked and a little old woman came out and asked, "What are you
doing so late in the midst of the great forest?"
"Have you not seen a
"Yes," answered she, "I know the stag well." And thereupon a
little dog which had come out of the house with her, barked at the
man violently. "Will you be silent, you odious toad," said he, "or I
shall shoot you dead." Then the witch cried out in a passion, "What! Will you slay my little dog!" and immediately transformed him, so
that he lay like a stone, and his bride awaited him in vain and
thought, "That which I so greatly dreaded, which lay so heavily on my
heart, has come upon him."
But at home the other brother was standing by the gold-lilies, when
one of them suddenly drooped. "Good heavens," said he, "my brother has
met with some great misfortune. I must away to see if I can possibly
rescue him." Then the father said, "Stay here, if I lose you also,
what shall I do?"
But he answered, "I must and shall go forth."
Then he mounted his golden horse, and rode forth and entered the
great forest, where his brother lay turned to stone. The old witch
came out of her house and called him, wishing to entrap him also, but
he did not go near her, and said, "I shall shoot you, if you will not
bring my brother to life again." She touched the stone, though very
unwillingly, with her forefinger, and he was immediately restored to
his human shape. And the two gold-children rejoiced when they saw
each other again, kissed and caressed each other, and rode away
together out of the forest the one home to his bride, and the other
to his father.
The father then said, "I knew well that you had rescued your brother,
for the golden lily suddenly rose up and blossomed out again." Then
they lived happily, and they prospered until their death.