On exposure to noise
, the ear
level will decrease as a measure of protection. This process is referred to as a shift in the Threshold of Hearing
, meaning that only sounds louder than a certain level will be heard. The shift may be temporary, chronic
or permanent. Like when you hear a gunshot, you probably can't hear me whispering for a few seconds.
Susceptibility to this varies greatly from person to person, men generally being more sensitive to low frequency sounds, and women more susceptible to high frequencies. Sounds in the 2 - 6 kHz range seem to induce greater temporary threshold shift (TTS) than other frequencies. Also called aural fatigue. Similiar to Adaptation.
One of the body's reactions to loud sounds is a constriction of the blood vessels (vasoconstriction) which reduces the blood supply reaching the hair cells of the Organ of Corti. The outer rows of hair cells respond mainly to low intensity sound levels and thus are easily saturated by loud sounds, particularly when their source of blood is diminished. This leaves only the inner rows of hair cells working since they need a higher intensity for stimulation.
Thus, TTS implies a temporary hearing loss for low level sounds (just like the protective closing of the iris in bright light and the resulting temporary desensitization to low light levels). If the outer hair cells are not allowed to recover through periods of quiet, they gradually lose their ability to respond and eventually die. TTS may also be accompanied by Tinnitus, a ringing in the ears.
* Temporary Threshold Shift (TTS): During short exposure to noise, most people experience a rise in the auditory threshold which normally disappears in 24 hours, but may last as long as a week. In english: If you go to a rock concert, it'll be hard to hear the radio at low volumes for a few hours.
* Permanent Threshold Shift (PTS) or Noise Induced Permanent Threshold Shift (NIPTS): After prolonged exposure to noise, permanent hearing damage may result in the Inner Ear, also called Acoustic Trauma, Prescusis.
* Chronic Threshold Shift or Compound Threshold Shift: If exposure to noise occurs repeatedly without sufficient time between exposures to allow recovery of normal hearing, TS may become chronic, and eventually permanent. This is a particular danger when people who work in noisy environments are exposed to further noise afterwards in driving, at home and at places of entertainment, also called Sociocusis.
Taken from the now broken http://www.sfu.ca/sonic-studio/Threshold_Shift.html
but google has many other links
Go see Issues to be aware of while wearing headphones, and do the test in Mark Forest's w/u.