A merit badge
for Boy scouts
. This is a required badge for Eagle
. Taken from meritbadge.com:
- Show that you know first aid for injuries or illnesses that could occur
while swimming, including hypothermia, heat reactions, muscle cramps,
sunburn, stings, cuts and scrapes, spinal injuries, and hyperventilation.
- Do the following:
- Identify the conditions that must exist before performing CPR on a
person. Explain how such conditions are recognized.
- Demonstrate proper technique for performing CPR using a training device
approved by your counselor.
- Before doing the following requirements, successfully complete Second
Class requirements 7a-7c and First Class requirements 9a-9d
Second Class rank requirements:
(7a) Tell what precautions must be taken for a safe swim.
(7b) Demonstrate your ability to jump feetfirst into water over your
head in depth, level off and swim 25 feet on the surface, stop, turn
sharply, resume swimming, then return to your starting place. (This
requirement may be waived by the troop committee for medical or safety
(7c) Demonstrate water rescue methods by reaching with your arm or leg,
reaching with a suitable object, and by throwing lines and objects.
(This requirement may be waived by the troop committee for medical or safety
reasons.) Explain why swimming rescues should not be attempted when a reaching or
throwing rescue is possible, and explain why and how a rescue swimmer
should avoid contact with the victim.
First Class rank requirements:
(9a) Tell what precautions should be taken for a safe trip afloat.
(9b) Before doing the following requirements, successfully complete the BSA swimmer
Jump feetfirst into water over your head in depth, swim 75 yards in a
strong manner using one or more of the following strokes: sidestroke,
breaststroke, trudgen, or crawl; then swim 25 yards using an easy, resting
backstroke. The 100 yards must be swum continuously and include at least one
sharp turn. After completing the swim, rest by floating. (This requirement
may be waived by the troop committee for medical or safety reasons.)
(9c) Demonstrate survival skills by leaping into deep water wearing
clothes (shoes, socks, swim trunks, long pants, belt, and long-sleeved
shirt). Remove shoes and socks, inflate the shirt, and show that you can
float using the shirt for support. Remove and inflate the pants for
support. Swim 50 feet using the inflated pants
for support, then show how to reinflate the pants while using them for
support. (This requirement may be waived by the troop committee for
medical or safety reasons.)
(9d) With a helper and a practice victim, show a line rescue both as
tender and as rescuer. The practice victim should be approximately 30
feet from shore in deep water. (This requirement may be waived by the
troop committee for medical or safety reasons.)
- Swim continuously for 150 yards using the following strokes in good form
and in a strong manner: front crawl or trudgen for 25 yards, back crawl for
25 yards, sidestroke for 25 yards, breaststroke for 25 yards, and elementary
backstroke for 50 yards.
- Do the following:
- Float faceup in a resting position for at least one minute.
- Demonstrate survival floating for at least five minutes.
- While wearing a properly fitted personal floatation device (PFD),
demonstrate the HELP and huddle positions. Explain their purposes.
- Explain why swimming or survival floating will hasten the onset of
hypothermia in cold water.
- In water over your head, but not to exceed 10 feet, do each of the
- Use the feet first method of surface diving and bring an object up from
- Do a head first surface dive, pike, or tuck, and bring the object up
- Do a head first surface dive to a depth of at least 5 feet and swim
underwater for 3 strokes. Come to the surface, take a breath, and repeat
the sequence twice.
- Do the following:
- Demonstrate selection and fit of mask, snorkel, and fins; discuss safety
in both pool and open-water snorkeling.
- Demonstrate proper use of mask, snorkel, and fins for underwater search
- Describe the sport of scuba diving, and demonstrate your knowledge of
BSA policies and procedures relating to this sport.
- In water at least 8 feet deep, show a headfirst dive from a dock or pool
deck. Show a long shallow dive, also from the dock or pool deck. If a low
board (not to exceed 40 inches above water at least 9 feet deep) is
available, show a plain front dive.
- Demonstrate the following competitive swimming skills:
- Racing dive from a pool edge.
- Racing turns for both the front crawl and back crawl
- Racing form for 25 yards on one competitive stroke (front crawl, back
crawl, breaststroke, or butterfly).
- Do the following:
- Explain the health benefits of regular aerobic exercise, and explain why
many people today do not get enough of the beneficial kinds of exercise.
- Discuss why swimming is favored as both a fitness and a therapeutic
- Write a plan for a swimming exercise program that will promote
aerobic/vascular fitness, strength and muscle tone, body flexibility, and
weight control for a person of Scout age. Identify resources and facilities
available in your home community that would be needed for such a program.
- Discuss with your counselor the incentives and obstacles for adherence to
the fitness program you created in requirement 10c. Explain the unique
benefits that could be gained from this program, and discuss how personal
health awareness and self discipline would relate to your willingness and
ability to pursue such a program.
Assist with instruction in basic swimming skills under the direction of a
qualified swimming instructor in two or more teaching sessions for a total of
three hours. The instruction may be at either the nonswimmer or beginner level
in a summer camp, unit program, or any other organized program in your community.
Assist with demonstrations, skill explanations, and individual coaching.