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1:1 Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons.
1:2 And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there.
1:3 And Elimelech Naomi's husband died; and she was left, and her two sons.
1:4 And they took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years.
1:5 And Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and the woman was left of her two sons and her husband.
1:6 Then she arose with her daughters in law, that she might return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that the LORD had visited his people in giving them bread.
1:7 Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters in law with her; and they went on the way to return unto the land of Judah.
1:8 And Naomi said unto her two daughters in law, Go, return each to her mother's house: the LORD deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me.
1:9 The LORD grant you that ye may find rest, each of you in the house of her husband. Then she kissed them; and they lifted up their voice, and wept.
1:10 And they said unto her, Surely we will return with thee unto thy people.
1:11 And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? are there yet any more sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? 1:12 Turn again, my daughters, go your way; for I am too old to have an husband. If I should say, I have hope, if I should have an husband also to night, and should also bear sons; 1:13 Would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from having husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD is gone out against me.
1:14 And they lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah kissed her mother in law; but Ruth clave unto her.
1:15 And she said, Behold, thy sister in law is gone back unto her people, and unto her gods: return thou after thy sister in law.
1:16 And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: 1:17 Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and me.
1:18 When she saw that she was stedfastly minded to go with her, then she left speaking unto her.
1:19 So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Naomi? 1:20 And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me.
1:21 I went out full and the LORD hath brought me home again empty: why then call ye me Naomi, seeing the LORD hath testified against me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me? 1:22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

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Everything King James Bible:Ruth
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Ruth
Book: Ruth
Chapter: 1

Elimelech and his sons die in the land of Moab. (1-5) Naomi
returns home. (6-14) Orpah stays behind, but Ruth goes with
Naomi. (15-18) They come to Bethlehem. (19-22)

1-5 Elimelech's care to provide for his family, was not to be
blamed; but his removal into the country of Moab could not be
justified. And the removal ended in the wasting of his family.
It is folly to think of escaping that Cross, which, being laid
in our way, we ought to take up. Changing our place seldom is
mending it. Those who bring young people into bad acquaintance,
and take them out of the way of public ordinances, thought they
may think them Well-principled, and armed against Temptation,
know not what will be the End. It does not appear that the women
the sons of Elimelech married, were proselyted to the Jewish
religion. Earthly trials or enjoyments are of short continuance.
Death continually removes those of every Age and situation, and
mars all our outward comforts: we cannot too strongly prefer
those advantages which shall last for ever.

6-14 Naomi began to think of returning, after the Death of her
two sons. When Death comes into a family, it ought to reform
what is amiss there. Earth is made Bitter to us, that Heaven may
be made dear. Naomi seems to have been a person of Faith and
Piety. She dismissed her daughters-in-Law with Prayer. It is
very proper for friends, when they part, to part with Prayer. She
dismissed them with afection. If relations must part,let them thus
part in Love. Did Naomi do Well, to discourage her daughters
from going with her, when she might save them from the Idolatry
of Moab, and bring them to the Faith and Worship of the God of
Israel? Naomi, No doubt, desired to do that; but if they went
with her, she would not have them to go upon her account. Those
that take upon them a profession of religion only to oblige
their friends, or for the sake of company, will be converts of
small value. If they did come with her, she would have them make
it their deliberate choice, and sit down first and count the
cost, as it concerns those to do who make a profession of
religion. And more desire "Rest in the House of a Husband," or
some worldly settlement or earthly satisfaction, than the Rest to
which Christ invites our souls; therefore when tried they will
depart from Christ, though perhaps with some sorrow.

15-18 See Ruth's resolution, and her good Affection to Naomi.
Orpah was loath to part from her; yet she did not Love her Well
enough to leave Moab for her sake. Thus, many have a value and
Affection for Christ, yet come short of Salvation By him,
because they will not forsake other things for him. They Love
him, yet leave him, because they do not Love him enough, but
Love other things better. Ruth is an Example of the Grace of
God, inclining the soul to choose the better part. Naomi could
desire No more than the solemn declaration Ruth made. See the
power of resolution; it silences Temptation. Those that go in
religious ways without a stedfast mind, stand like a door half
open, which invites a thief; but resolution shuts and bolts the
door, resists the Devil and Forces him to flee.

19-22 Naomi and Ruth came to Bethlehem. Afflictions will make
great and surprising changes in a little time. May God, By his
Grace, fit us for all such changes, especially the great
change!, Naomi signifies "pleasant," or "amiable;" Mara,
"Bitter," or "bitterness." She was now a Woman of a sorrowful
Spirit. She had come home empty, Poor, a widow and childless.
But there is a Fulness for believers of which they never can be
emptied; a good part which shall not be taken from those who
have it. The Cup of affliction is a "Bitter" Cup, but she owns
that the affliction came from God. It Well becomes us to have
our hearts humbled under humbling Providence. It is not
affliction itself, but affliction rightly borne, that does us

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