that suggests the existence of an earth-risking large planet (or a dead star) which orbits the sun and is yet to be seen. The supporters of the theory argue about a scenario aimed for May 15, 2003
, in which it will get close to Earth
and cause great devastation
In this scenario, its magnetic force will stop the Earth rotating for several days; it will cause huge earthquakes, volcanoes, Tsunamis and hurricanes all over the planet. Crops will fail, millions will stave. 90% of the planet's population will die. The force of its passing will cause the Earth's magnetic poles to shift.
It is not really a planet, actually a brown dwarf; a small, failed star. They give it a size of 4x that of Earth, and a density of 20x. It orbits the Sun and also a second star in our solar system that possibly exists. It travels very quickly when it passes close to either star, but slowly in between. This acceleration is caused by gravity and is exactly the sort of thing you see with comets.
NASA claims they have no evidence for it existing, but admit it is possible. The Planet X scenario requires a large planet, which we would have seen Planet X if it were anywhere near Earth. Instead, they argue that it is normally travelling slowly, a vast distance away.
Dr. John Murray, of the UK's Open University, claims he has found a 10th planet 30,000 times the distance from the sun that Earth is - 3,000 billion miles away. By analysing the orbits of comets, the claims to have 'pretty conclusive' evidence for another planet. He has calculated that there is a 1/1700 chance of there not being a 10th planet. They also give it a mass of between 1 and 10 times that of Jupiter's, which fits nicely with the Planet X scenario. They say it could be a brown dwarf, which is what many people believe the Planet X is.
Unfortunately, for the Planet X theorists, he gives it an orbit time of 6 million years - not the 3,600 required for their scenario. This means that this 'Planet X' is not the one predicted to devastate the Earth in 2003. They also have not given it the extremely elliptical orbit required for it to pass close to Earth.
The normal way in which planets are discovered is by looking at the orbits of other planets. As planets have gravity, they affect the orbits of all the others. For decades, people have claimed that the orbits of the three outermost planets, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto are 'wrong' - that something else is influencing their orbits - another planet.
The IRAS (Infrared Astronomical Satellite) is a space telescope that has survey the sky. This is what Gerry Neugebauer, chief IRAS scientist, had to say, in 1982:
"A heavenly body possibly as large as the giant planet Jupiter and possibly so close to Earth that it would be part of this solar system has been found in the direction of the constellation Orion by an orbiting telescope. All I can tell you is that we don't know what it is".
Since then, NASA has denied the existence of the planet and claimed that the orbits of the outer planets are in fact correct.
Planet X was probably first recorded by a civilisation called the Sumerians, who were around about 6,000 years ago. They called it 'Nibiru', meaning 'Planet of the Crossing'. They suggested it had a 3,600 year orbit. You may be wondering why so many people are putting so much faith in the observations of civilisation that lived thousands of years before telescopes and computers. The answer is that the Sumerians were incredibly advanced scientifically, correctly calculating the orbits of many planets in our solar system.
In June 2003, they say Planet X will finally start to near Earth after it's 3,600 year orbit, passing just 14,000,000 miles from Earth. It would definitely exert a gravitational force on the Earth, but they also say there would be a magnetic force, what they call 'repulsion force'.
As the planet passes these two forces will be opposite to those acting on the Earth from the sun. This would leave Earth as the rope in a tug of war game between the two. This would make the Earth's core, which is the magnetic part, rotate. However, the crust, which is not magnetic, would not be affected. This would make the core rotate, changing the position of the Earth's magnetic poles. This would set off virtually every volcano on Earth and choke the atmosphere with so much ash the sun would be blotted out.
These forces on the Earth would also be so great that the Earth would stop rotating for three days, leaving half of the Earth in darkness and half in day. However this would be gradual - or else no one would survive. For this to be true you would expect a slowing of the Earth already.
If changes this severe were caused by Planet X, and this is approaching, we would expect to see more earthquakes and a slowing Earth already.
Here is a distance table compiled by Zetatalk, a pro-Planet X website: (The speed column on the right was calculated from their data).
Date Distance (mile*10^9) Speed (mile/hour)
2/7/00 34.166 11447
5/7/00 34.09 17399
8/7/00 33.974 26557
11/7/00 33.797 40522
2/7/01 33.528 61584
5/7/01 33.119 93636
8/7/01 32.495 142857
11/7/01 31.547 217033
2/7/02 30.103 330586
5/7/02 27.904 503434
8/7/02 24.558 766026
11/7/02 19.464 1166209
2/7/03 11.71 2831580
3/2/03 9.1665 1892485
4/2/03 5.0412 3664979
4/16/03 3.0865 3878373
4/23/03 2.06 3055060
4/30/03 1.216 2511905
5/7/03 -0.0929 7791071
The data shows how the planet would speed up very rapidly when it neared our sun, which would explain why we cannot yet see it.
However, there is a problem with these figures: when it passes through the inner solar system it will have a speed of about 7.8 million miles per hour, check this if you want. At the surface of the sun the escape velocity for our solar system is just 1.3 million miles per hour. This means that if Planet X passed through at that speed it would simply fly out, never to be seen again.
Summarized, edited and E2-proofed from: