Located between Quebec City
and the St. Lawrence River
, the Plains are notable for being the site of the final North American battle of the Seven Years War
/French and Indian War
in 1759 that resulted in France
ceding New France
to the British
After the conquest, the area came under military use. The Martello Towers on the plains were later built by the British to protect against an American invasion. More recently, the battlefields have been redeveloped as a historic park.
The area is named for an Abraham Martin, farmer and sailor, who settled in the area.