Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist
, b. 1865, d. 1943. Schooled at Leyden University, with Lorentz
as one of his mentors. Became Lorentz's assistant in 1890. Obtained his Ph. D.
in 1893. Discovered the Zeeman Effect
(the splitting of spectral lines by magnetic fields). Research areas generally included optical phenomena, including the effects of magnetic fields on light radiation
. Shared the 1902 Nobel Prize
with Hendrik A. Lorentz
"in recognition of the extraordinary service they
rendered by their researches into the influence of
magnetism upon radiation phenomena"
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