A negotiable instrument (in the law of England and Wales
) is an instrument which may be transferred in the same way as cash. Normally, title
is passed simply by delivery
. Good title will always be passed to a bona fide purchaser for value
The class of negotiable instruments is governed both by statute (1877 Bills of exchange Act), and by common law, incorporating both the law merchant, and later instruments universally accepted as negotiable by commercial practice.
This is interesting because it represents a genuine exception to the rule of consideration: a holder of such an instrument may sue upon it, even though they did not themselves provide consideration to the promissor; nor have they been assigned a chose in action.