II, also known as Mehmet
II or Muhammad the Conqueror, is considered the founder of the Ottoman Empire
. Born in 1429
to Murad II, he conquered the Byzantine Empire
by the time he was 24. To take Constantinople
, he built the largest cannons the world had ever seen. They did the job, and in less than 2 months, the city fell, and with it the Byzantine
Empire and its emperor, Constantine IX
Muhammad had serious designs on conquering the world. He made Constantinople (not Istanbul) his capital, built Topkapi Palace, and then went on to capture Wallachia, Serbia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Albania, Persia and Crimea. Muhammad the Conquerer was working his magic on Italy at the time of his death in 1481.