: "Oral Lineage")
One of the four remaining schools of Tibetan Buddhism. The particular feature of the Kagyu lineage is that the teacher, after having mastered the teachings, clears away defects - relating to intellectual understanding, meditational experience, and the various levels of realisation. Upon completion of the process, the teacher is able to point out and introduce mahamudra to the disciple. The Kagyu teachings have been transmitted and preserved this way, in an unbroken line, until the present time. The late Kalu Rinpoche (1905-1989) was the principal contemporary exponent of this tradition.