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19:1 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.
19:2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe,
19:3 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.
19:4 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.
19:5 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man!
19:6 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.
19:7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.
19:8 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;
19:9 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
19:10 Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?
19:11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.
19:12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.
19:13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.
19:14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!
19:15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.
19:16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.
19:17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
19:18 Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.
19:19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.
19:20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.
19:21 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.
19:22 Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.
19:23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
19:24 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.
19:25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.
19:26 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!
19:27 Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.
19:28 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.
19:29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.
19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
19:32 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him.
19:33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:
19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.
19:35 And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe.
19:36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.
19:37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
19:38 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.
19:39 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight.
19:40 Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.
19:41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid.
19:42 There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.

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Everything King James Bible:John

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: John
Book: John
Chapter: 19

Christ condemned and crucified. (1-18) Christ On the Cross.
(19-30) His side pierced. (31-37) The Burial of Jesus. (38-42)

1-18 Little did Pilate think with what holy regard these
sufferings of Christ would, in after-ages, be thought upon and
spoken of By the best and greatest of men. Our Lord Jesus came
forth, willing to be exposed to their scorn. It is good for
every one with Faith, to behold Christ Jesus in his sufferings.
Behold him, and Love him; be still looking unto Jesus. Did their
Hatred sharpen their endeavours against him? and shall not our
Love for him quicken our endeavours for him and his kingdom?
Pilate seems to have thought that Jesus might be some person
above the common order. Even natural Conscience makes men afraid
of being found fighting against God. As our Lord suffered for
the sins both of Jews and Gentiles, it was a special part of the
counsel of Divine Wisdom, that the Jews should first purpose his
Death, and the Gentiles carry that purpose into effect. Had not
Christ been thus rejected of men, we had been for ever rejected
of God. Now was the Son of Man delivered into the hands of
wicked and unreasonable men. He was led forth for us, that we
might escape. He was nailed to the Cross, as a Sacrifice bound
to the Altar. The Scripture was fulfilled; he did not die at the
Altar among the sacrifices, but among criminals sacrificed to
public Justice. And now let us pause, and with Faith look upon
Jesus. Was ever sorrow like unto his sorrow? See him bleeding,
see him dying, see him and Love him! Love him, and live to him!

19-30 Here are some remarkable circumstances of Jesus' Death,
more fully related than before. Pilate would not gratify the
chief priests By allowing the Writing to be altered; which was
doubtless owing to a secret power of God upon his Heart, that
this statement of our Lord's character and authority might
continue. Many things done By the Roman soldiers were
fulfilments of the prophecies of the Old Testament. All things
therein written shall be fulfilled. Christ tenderly provided for
his mother at his Death. Sometimes, when God removes one comfort
from us, he raises up another for us, where we looked not for
it. Christ's Example teaches all men to honour their parents in
Life and Death; to provide for their wants, and to promote their
comfort By every means in their power. Especially observe the
dying Word wherewith Jesus breathed out his soul. It is
finished; that is, the counsels of the Father concerning his
sufferings were now fulfilled. It is finished; all the types and
prophecies of the Old Testament, which pointed at the sufferings
of the Messiah, were accomplished. It is finished; the
ceremonial Law is abolished; the substance is now come, and all
the shadows are done away. It is finished; an End is made of
transgression By bringing in an Everlasting Righteousness. His
sufferings were now finished, both those of his soul, and those
of his body. It is finished; the work of Man's Redemption and
Salvation is now completed. His Life was not taken from him By
force, but freely given up.

31-37 A trial was made whether Jesus was dead. He died in less
time than persons crucified commonly did. It showed that he had
laid down his Life of himself. The spear broke up the very
fountains of Life; No human body could survive such a wound. But
its being So solemnly attested, shows there was something
Peculiar in it. The Blood and water that flowed out, signified
those two great benefits which all believers partake of through
Christ, Justification and Sanctification; Blood for Atonement,
water for Purification. They both flow from the pierced side of
our Redeemer. To Christ crucified we owe merit for our
Justification, and Spirit and Grace for our Sanctification. Let
this silence the fears of weak Christians, and encourage their
hopes; there came both water and Blood out of Jesus' pierced
side, both to justify and sanctify them. The Scripture was
fulfilled, in Pilate's not allowing his legs to be broken, Ps
34:20. There was a Type of this in the paschal Lamb, Ex
12:46. May we ever look to Him, whom, By our sins, we have
ignorantly and heedlessly pierced, nay, sometimes against
convictions and mercies; and who shed from his wounded side both
water and Blood, that we might be justified and sanctified in
his name.

38-42 Joseph of Arimathea was a Disciple of Christ in secret.
Disciples should openly own themselves; yet some, who in lesser
trials have been fearful, in greater have been courageous. When
God has work to do, he can find out such as are proper to do it.
The Embalming was done By Nicodemus, a secret friend to Christ,
though not his constant follower. That Grace which at first is
like a bruised Reed, may afterward resemble a strong Cedar.
Hereby these two rich men showed the value they had for Christ's
person and doctrine, and that it was not lessened By the
reproach of the Cross. We must do our duty as the present Day
and opportunity are, and leave it to God to fulfil his promises
in his own way and his own time. The Grave of Jesus was
appointed with the wicked, as was the case of those who suffered
as criminals; but he was with the rich in his Death, as
prophesied, Isa 53:9; these two circumstances it was very
unlikely should ever be united in the same person. He was buried
in a new Sepulchre; therefore it could not be said that it was
not he, but some other that Rose. We also are here taught not to
be particular as to the place of our Burial. He was buried in
the Sepulchre next at Hand. Here is the Sun of Righteousness set
for a while, to rise again in greater Glory, and then to set No

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