Janos Kadar was a Stalinist who was placed in power in Hungary by the Soviets after the failed 1956 revolt.

At first, he appeared to act only in the interest of the Soviets, but he did appeal to Hungarian nationalism. Kadar then relaxed the traditional Marxism and allowed privatization, autonomy of farmers, profit earning, and overtime.

During detente in the 1970s, he encouraged foreign investment, and in 1985 he called for the establishment of a multiple-party system for parliamentary elections.

Kadar created a compromise between communism and capitalism, but he was overshadowed in the 1980s by Gorbachev's reforms in the Soviet Union which were much more extreme. With less Soviet support, Janos Kadar lost power.

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