Island off the western coast of Europe, in the British Isles, or one of the countries on it (which is also known as the Republic of Ireland). The Republic is largely Catholic; the small northeastern corner (Northern Ireland), which is part of the United Kingdom, has a slight Protestant majority. All the island was ruled by the monarch of England for centuries, until 1921.
The island of Ireland was historically split into five provinces, or fifths ("cúige" in Irish). These were:
Tara, the seat of the ancient kings and what have you, was in the centre of the island, but has now been subsumed by the other provinces, so Ireland only has four provinces. Six counties of Ulster form Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom, while the remaining three counties of Ulster, along with the other three provinces, form the Republic of Ireland.
Ireland Metanode v0.2
One of my projects is to node a bunch of stuff about Ireland, on account of it being where I'm from and all. In that spirit, this is a metanode gathering together nodes by myself and others related to Ireland. This first version will be a simple list, I will structure it under sub-headings at a later date.
Thanks to bozon and spiregrain
lit. "Fertile Land":
Iras OE "Irish," from Ir. "Éire" > OI "Éiriu" (dat. "Érinn") > Celtic "Îwer-iû" (Gr. "Ivernia," L. "Hibernia") > IE *pî-wer- "fat, fertile," > peie
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