, producer, teacher, and (with Art Blakey) co-founder of The Jazz Messengers
- they were an attempt to return jazz
to a party-music aesthetic in the age of bebop
hermeticism; the bluesy, funky results helped usher in the hard bop
era, and established a sound that would be associated with Silver, the Messengers, and Blue Note Records
for many years. On his own, he had several hits, like "Song for My Father", and many have apprenticed in his quintets.
Horace Silver died of natural causes in New Rochelle, New York, on June 18, 2014. He was 85 years old.