Helix Code changed its name to Ximian, Inc. on January 10, 2001. The change was done, says the FAQ, " to provide trademark protection for our work. While our software is open source, and we encourage you to share and redistribute it, trademark protection means that you know where your software is coming from.".
As a clarification, I would like to say that the change does not mean that GNOME "went commercial" (Helix Code was already a commercial company) or that anything changes per se in the software they make: the change was necessary, I'd guess, to protect from namespace clashes with other entities.
Here is the letter that announced the change:
Today, Helix Code changed its name to Ximian, Inc. The name Ximian (which is pronounced ZIM-ee-un) differs from our old name in that we
can actually trademark it and thereby ward off the legions of copycats
who want to ride on our coattails. And it sounds cooler, too.
Everything else about us remains unchanged: we're the same company
made up of the same great hackers writing the same free software. And
yes, led by the same hyperkinetic American/Miguel de Icaza duo.