This node covers the Stielhandgranate 24 (StiGr24), Handgranate 43 (Hdgr43),
Eihandgranate 39 (EHdgr39), Volkshandgranate 45 (VHdgr45),
All these are hand grenades
used by the German Wehrmacht
Stielhandgranate 24 (StiGr24):
Load: 165g TNT
StiGr24 is inarguably the most (in)famous handgrenade in the world
nicknamed the "potato-masher" grenade for its characteristic shape: An
approx. 30cm long stick, with a cylindrical head on top of it.
The German StiGr24 worked in a quite different fashion than Allied hand
grenades, as it was made for shock and concussion effect more than
An extras added to the StiGr was the SplitterRinge (fragmentation-ring),
which was attached to the explosive head and made it possible to use as a
fragmentation grenade. The idea was imported from the Soviet
s, who used
this method for their RGD 33 hand grenades.
Handgranate 43 (Hdgr43):
Weight: approx 200gr.
Load: 165g TNT
Is the designation of a grenade constructed from the StiGr24/39 - by
removing the handle.
Used for a diversity of tasks - mines, charges and also:
Gebalte Ladung (Great Load), which consisted of 6 Hdgr43, wrapped around the
explosive head of a single StiGr24/39. Often used as a haphazard Anti-Tank
Eihandgranate 39 (EHdgr 39):
Load: 112gr TNT.
The Egg-hand grenade
EHdgr39 was a compromise
between size and power. As
materials for creating hand grenades
grew scarse, the EHdgr39 fell in
favor. It was created from almost any material such as concrete
. They held a lighter load, and was much more fragile than its
The fuse on the EHdgr39 was covered by a blue
cap, which was removed and a
string was pulled to ignite the fuse (4-5 second delay).
Later, there was a red
capped version added, which had a delay of 1 second
- it was not used for hand grenating tasks, but as an explosive. The Red
capped version was often left behind if Soldiers
retreated, an enemy who
did not understand the color-coding would try to use the hand grenate with
On the Soviet front, there existed a booby-trap
version which carried the
official blue cap, but exploded instantaneously. Often left behind by
retreating Germans, ready for "use" by a Russian soldier.
Volkshandgranate 45 (VHdgr45):
Weight: approx 530gr.
Load: 36gr TNT
The Volkshandgranate (People's hand grenade) was basically a cardboard can
filled with shrapnel and explosives. 70g concrete, 75g gravel and 350g scrap
metal pieces, and had a core of only 36g of TNT was used to make this
grenade. The same rip-cord device used in the StiGr was used.
Load: Bohrpatrone 28 explosive cartridge.
Shortages in critical raw material had also led to the development of the
Behelfshandgranate which was a makeshift hand grenade. It was introduced in
March 1943 and consisted of a concrete pot with a wooden stick cast
Load: 87gr TNT.
Also called Detonierende Pulverscheibe (Detonating powder-disc) or DPS. Used
primarily as an anti tank
weapon, but was fairly uncommonly used. The disc
itself was made from Nipolite - a then newly invented explosive which did
not require a casing. Discs were often used together for better effect.
A later modification to use against bunker
s weighed about 1 kilogram where
about half (450gr) was Nipolite and phosphor
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