Greek and Roman Mythology A-C
Greek and Roman Mythology D-L
Greek and Roman Mythology M-P
Greek and Roman Mythology Q-Z
Maenad: Worshipper of the god Dionysos.
Maia: Daughter of Atlas; mother of Hermes.
Manes: Souls of dead Romans, particularly of ancestors.
: See Ares
Marsyas: Shepherd; challenged Apollo to music contest and lost;
flayed alive by Apollo.
Medea: Sorceress; daughter of Aeëtes; helped Jason obtain
Golden Fleece; when deserted by him for Creüsa, killed her children
Medusa: One of several Gorgons; slain by Perseus, who cut off
Megaera: One of several Furies.
Meleager: Son of Althaea; his life would last as long as brand
burning at his birth; Althaea quenched and saved it but destroyed it
when Meleager slew his uncles.
Melpomene: One of several Muses.
Memnon: Ethiopian king; made immortal by Zeus; son of Tithonus
Menelaus: King of Sparta; son of Atreus; brother of Agamemnon; husband of Helen.
Mercury: See Hermes.
Merope: One of several Pleiades. Merope is said to have hidden
in shame for loving a mortal.
Mezentius: Cruel Etruscan king; ally of Turnus against Aeneas; slain by Aeneas.
Midas: King of Phrygia; given gift of turning to gold all he touched.
Minerva: See Athena.
Minos: King of Crete; after death, one of three judges of dead in
Hades; son of Zeus and Europa.
Minotaur: Monster, half man and half beast, kept in Labyrinth in
Crete; slain by Theseus.
Mnemosyne: Goddess of memory; mother by Zeus of Muses.
Moirae: One of several Fates.
Momus: God of ridicule.
Morpheus: God of dreams.
Mors: See Thanatos.
Morta: One of several Fates.
Muses: Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences:
- Calliope (epic
- Clio (history),
- Erato (lyric and love poetry),
- Euterpe (music),
- Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred
- Terpsichore (choral dance and song),
- Thalia (comedy and
- Urania (astronomy);
daughters of Zeus and
Naiads: Nymphs of waters, streams, and fountains.
Napaeae: Wood nymphs.
Narcissus: Beautiful youth loved by Echo; in punishment for not
returning her love, he was made to fall in love with his image
reflected in pool; pined away and became flower.
Nemesis: Goddess of retribution.
Neoptolemus: Son of Achilles; slew Priam; also known as Pyrrhus.
Neptune: See Poseidon.
Nereids: Sea nymphs; attendants on Poseidon.
Nestor: King of Pylos; noted for wise counsel in expedition against Troy.
Nessus: Centaur who fell in lust with Deianara - which earned him a poison arrow in the side from Hercules.
Nike: Goddess of victory.
Niobe: Daughter of Tantalus; wife of Amphion; her children slain by
Apollo and Artemis; changed to stone but continued to weep her
Nona: One of several Fates.
Notus: One of several Winds.
Nox: See Nyx.
Nymphs: Beautiful maidens; inferior deities of nature.
Nyx (Nox): Goddess of night.
Oceanids: Ocean nymphs; daughters of Oceanus.
Oceanus: Eldest of Titans; god of waters.
Odysseus (Ulysses): King of Ithaca; husband of Penelope; wandered ten years after fall of Troy before arriving home.
Oedipus: King of Thebes; son of Laius and Jocasta; unwittingly
murdered Laius and married Jocasta; tore his eyes out when
relationship was discovered.
Oenone: Nymph of Mount Ida; wife of Paris, who abandoned her;
refused to cure him when he was poisoned by arrow of Philoctetes
Olympic Games: In ancient Greece, these athletic events were held every four years.
Olympus: Mountain in Greece believed to be the home of the Greek gods and goddesses - hence the term "Olympian" was used to describe the principal gods of ancient Greece.
Omphalos: "Navel", in myth it was the stone that the Titan Kronos swallowed.
Ops: See Rhea.
Oreads: Mountain nymphs.
Orestes: Son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; brother of Electra; slew Clytemnestra and Aegisthus; pursued by Furies until his purification by Apollo.
Orion: Hunter; slain by Artemis and made heavenly constellation.
Orpheus: Famed musician; son of Apollo and Muse Calliope; husband of Eurydice.
Pales: Roman goddess of shepherds and herdsmen.
Palinurus: Aeneas' pilot; fell overboard in his sleep and was drowned.
Palladium: The statue of Pallas Athene.
Pan (Faunus): God of woods and fields; part goat; son of Hermes.
: Opener of box containing human ills; mortal wife of
Parcae: One of several Fates.
Paris: Son of Priam; gave apple of discord to Aphrodite, for which she enabled him to carry off Helen; slew Achilles at Troy; slain by Philoctetes.
Parnassus: Mountain that was regarded by the Greeks as a sacred shrine to Apollo & the Muses, and Dionysos .
Patroclus: Great friend of Achilles; wore Achilles' armor and was slain by Hector.
Pegasus: Winged horse that sprang from Medusa's body at her death; ridden by Bellerophon when he slew Chimera.
Pelias: King of Ioclus; seized throne from his brother Aeson; sent
Jason for Golden Fleece; slain unwittingly by his daughters at
instigation of Medea.
Pelops: Son of Tantalus; his father cooked and served him to gods;
restored to life; Peloponnesus named for him.
Penates: Roman household gods.
Penelope: Wife of Odysseus; waited faithfully for him for ten years
while putting off numerous suitors.
Pephredo: One of several Graeae.
Periphetes: Giant; son of Hephaestus; slain by Theseus.
Persephone (Proserpine): Queen of infernal regions; daughter of
Zeus and Demeter; wife of Pluto.
Perseus: Son of Zeus and Danaë; slew Medusa; rescued
Andromeda from monster and married her.
Phaedra: Daughter of Minos; wife of Theseus; caused the death of
her stepson, Hippolytus.
Phaethon: Son of Helios; drove his father's sun chariot and was
struck down by Zeus before he set world on fire.
Philoctetes: Greek warrior who possessed Hercules' bow and
arrows; slew Paris at Troy with poisoned arrow.
Phineus: Betrothed of Andromeda; tried to slay Perseus but turned
to stone by Medusa's head.
Phlegethon: One of several Rivers of Underworld.
Phosphor: Morning star.
Phrixos: Brother of Helle; carried by ram of Golden Fleece to
Pirithous: Son of Ixion; friend of Theseus; tried to carry off
Persephone from Hades; bound to enchanted rock by Pluto.
Pleiades: Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope or
Asterope, Taygeta; seven daughters of Atlas; transformed into
heavenly constellation, of which six stars are visible (Merope is said
to have hidden in shame for loving a mortal).
Pluto (Dis): God of Hades; brother of Zeus.
Plutus: God of wealth.
Pollux: One of Dioscuri.
Polyhymnia: See Polymnia.
Polymnia (Polyhymnia): One of several Muses.
Polynices: Son of Oedipus; he and his brother Eteocles killed each
other; burial rite, forbidden by Creon, performed by his sister Antigone.
Polyphemus: Cyclops; devoured six of Odysseus's men; blinded by
Polyxena: Daughter of Priam; betrothed to Achilles, whom Paris
slew at their betrothal; sacrificed to shade of Achilles.
Pomona: Roman goddess of fruits.
Pontus: Sea god; son of Gaea.
Poseidon (Neptune): God of sea; brother of Zeus.
Priam: King of Troy; husband of Hecuba; ransomed Hector's body
from Achilles; slain by Neoptolemus.
Priapus: God of regeneration.
Procris: Wife of Cephalus, who accidentally slew her.
Procrustes: Giant; stretched or cut off legs of victims to make them
fit iron bed; slain by Theseus.
Proetus: Husband of Anteia; sent Bellerophon to Iobates to be put
Prometheus: Titan; stole fire from heaven for man. Zeus punished
him by chaining him to rock in Caucasus where vultures devoured
his liver daily.
Proserpine: See Persephone.
Proteus: Sea god; assumed various shapes when called on to
Psyche: Beloved of Eros; punished by jealous Aphrodite; made
immortal and united with Eros.
Pygmalion: King of Cyprus; carved ivory statue of maiden which
Aphrodite gave life as Galatea.
Pyramus: Babylonian youth; made love to Thisbe through hole in
wall; thinking Thisbe slain by lion, killed himself.
Python: Serpent born from slime left by Deluge; slain by Apollo.
Greek and Roman Mythology