From The Lord of the Rings
Gondor, meaning Land of Stone, was the Southern-kingdom of the Dúnedain (The Men of the West). It's main cities were Minas Anor, Minas Ithil and Osgiliath. Osgiliath was the capital until the year 1640 of the Third Age when the capital was moved to Minas Anor. Orcs invading Gondor destroy the city of Osgiliath in TA 2475. To the east of Gondor lies Mordor, to the north lies Rohan and in the south and west of Gondor is the Bay of Belfalas
Gondor was formed by Elendil, who ruled over both Gondor and Arnor as the High King. His sons, Isildur and Anárion were given the title of Co-Regents of Gondor.
To the east of Gondor lies Mordor, which put Gondor under constant fear of attack. Although Gondor did enjoy peace for 400 years during the Third Age, it was broken when Orcs from Mordor attacked Ithilien and destroyed Osgiliath. Gondor never truly enjoys peace until the end of the War of the Ring.
Line of Kings of Gondor
, First High King of Arnor
, Second High King of Arnor
Rómendacil I Tarostar
Hyarmendacil I Ciryaher
Atanatar II Alcarin
Rómendacil II Minalcar
Hyarmendacil II Vinyarion
, Thirty-third and last King of Gondor for a thousand years. The Stewards of Gondor
rule Gondor during the absence of the king.
, (Aragorn II
), First King of the Reunited Kingdom of Gondor and Arnor
, Second King of the Reunited Kingdom of Gondor and Arnor