Go-Fushimi (1288–1336) was the 93rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional chronology, reigning for just 3 years from 1298 to 1301.
Go-Fushimi was born Prince Hirohito, the eldest son of Emperor Fushimi and thus the grandson of Emperor Go-Fukakusa, at a time when the imperial throne was supposed to alternate between two rival lineages of the Imperial family, the "senior," or Jimyōin line (持明院統, Jimyōin-tō, descended from Go-Fukakusa), and the "junior," or Daikakuji line (大覚寺統, Daikakuji-to, descended from Go-Fukakusa's younger brother Emperor Kameyama).
As the grandson of Go-Fukakusa, Go-Fushimi was from the senior line, and since his father Fushimi was emperor, he was supposed to be skipped over in favor of a crown prince from the junior line. However, Fushimi broke the agreement between the two lines by naming his own son Go-Fushimi as his heir in 1289, greatly angering the Daikakuji line and its supporters in the Imperial court and leading to an assassination attempt against Fushimi in 1290. But Fushimi persisted in his folly and succeeded in having his son crowned Emperor Go-Fushimi in 1298. However, the Daikakuji line appealed to the Kamakura shogunate and after much wrangling, the shogunate forced Go-Fushimi to abdicate in 1301, in favor of Emperor Go-Nijo from the Daikakuji line.
Go-Fushimi then briefly ruled as retired emperor from 1313 to 1318, during the reign of his younger brother Hanazono. During this time, he negotiated an agreement with the shogunate that the throne alternate between the two lines every 10 years (the so-called "Bumpo Agreement"), but this agreement would be immediately broken by Hanazono's successor, Emperor Go-Daigo of the Daikakuji line.
In his later years, Go-Fushimi took up the tonsure and became a Buddhist monk. He died in 1336.
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