were powered by sail
, a system of classifying the different types of warship
ships varied from massive constructions nearly 182 metres (200 feet) long and mounting 120 guns
down to tiny, fast ships with a handful of guns. Each was designed for a specific task, but the pride
of the fleet
was the battleships
. These were divided into six types or rates. The largest were known as the first rates. They had three decks and carried over a hundred cannon
. They were the most powerful of all warships and had a devastating effect in battle.
, now kept at Portsmouth
, is a first rate ship.