1885-1948 German artist, dancer, and singer in the Dada Movement

She lived most of her adult life among the Bohemians and writers in Europe. She was not a meek soul, but held her own. She met Hugo Ball in 1913 and followed him to Zurich in 1915 where they worked together with Jean Arp, Richard Huelsenbeck, Tristan Tzara, and Marcel Janco to bring Cabaret Voltaire to life and went on to star in many of the performances. This became known later as Zurich Dada. She played a crucial role in the cabaret, being a performer skilled in reciting, singing and dancing. She was one of the voices in the simultaneous poems. When Hugo Ball left the art scene and converted to Catholicism, she followed Hugo and also converted. She kept his memory alive long after his death.

Sources: Motherwell, Robert "The Dada Painters and Poets: An Anthology", Harvard University Press, 1951 Rubin, William S., "Dada, Surrealism, and Their Heritage", Museum of Modern Art, NY, 1968. Last Updated 12.23.01

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