Euclid's Elements Book III Proposition 5

If two circles cut one another, then they do not have the same center.

Let the

circles ABC and

CDG cut one another at the points

B and

C.

I say that they do not have the same center.

For, if possible, let it be E. Join EC, and draw EFG through at random.

Then, since the point E is the center of the circle ABC, EC equals EF.

Again, since the point E is the center of the circle CDG, EC equals EG.

But EC was proved equal to EF also, therefore EF also equals EG, the less equals the greater which is impossible.

Therefore the point E is not the center of the circles ABC and CDG.

Therefore if two circles cut one another, then they do not have the same center.

Q.E.D.

Proposition 4 <-- Proposition 5 --> Proposition 6