A historical doctrine, principally applicable to criminal law, that prohibited enforcement of a law which has fallen into disuse. The idea is that authorities give notice of a law to citizens by enforcing it; lack of enforcement (for a commonly broken law, especially) indicates an implicit repeal.

Although the doctrine is common in most European civil law nations and a practical necessity in poorly formalized common law jurisprudences, it has been rejected in most jurisdictions in the U.K. and the U.S. Many rejections came in the first half of the twentieth century, but defenses are still sometimes mounted on this basis: In Commonwealth v. Stowell (1983), a Massachusetts court upheld a conviction of adultery. Stowell argued that adultery had not been prosecuted in decades, and therefore, under desuetude, she could not be convicted. The court rejected her defense and the legal validity of desuetude.

Even where it has been officially rejected, many vestiges remain, such as:

Some information from Peter Suber, "The Paradox of Self-Amendment: A Study of Law, Logic, Omnipotence, and Change" (http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/writing/psa/index.htm).

Des"ue*tude (?), n. [L. desuetudo, from desuescere, to grow out of use, disuse; de + suescere to become used or accustomed: cf. F. d'esu'etude. See Custom.]

The cessation of use; disuse; discontinuance of practice, custom, or fashion.

The desuetude abrogated the law, which, before, custom had established. Jer. Taylor.


© Webster 1913.

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