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Part IV Deputies, Election
Chapter 12 System of Deputies
The Soviets of People's Deputies
, i.e. the Supreme Soviet of the USSR
, the Supreme Soviets of Union Republics, the Supreme Soviets of Autonomous Republics, the Soviets of People's Deputies of Territories and Regions, the Soviets of People's Deputies of Autonomous Regions and Autonomous Areas, and the Soviets of People's Deputies
of districts, cities, city districts, settlements and villages shall constitute a single system of bodies of state authority.
(1) The term of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR
, the Supreme Soviets of Union Republics, and the Supreme Soviets of Autonomous Republics shall be five years.
(2) The term of local Soviets of People's Deputies
shall be two and a half years.
(3) Elections to Soviets of People's Deputies shall be called not later than two months before the expiry of the term of the Soviet concerned.
(1) The most important matters within the jurisdiction
of the respective Soviets of People's Deputies
shall be considered and settled at their sessions.
(2) Soviets of People's Deputies shall elect standing commissions and form executive-administrative
, and other bodies accountable to them.
(1) Soviets of People's Deputies
shall form people's control bodies combining state control with control by the working people at enterprises, collective farms, institutions, and organizations.
(2) People's control bodies shall check on the fulfillment of state plans and assignments, combat breaches of state discipline
, localist tendencies
, narrow departmental attitudes
, extravagance and waste
, red tape
, and help improve the working of the state machinery.
Soviets of People's Deputies
shall direct all sectors of state economic, and social and cultural development, either directly or through bodies instituted by them, take decisions and ensure their execution, and verify their implementation.
Soviets of People's Deputies
shall function publicly on the basis of collective, free, constructive discussion and decision-making, of systematic reporting back to them and the people by their executive-administrative
and other bodies, and of involving citizens on a broad scale in their work.
Chapter 13 Electoral System
Deputies to all Soviets shall be elected on the basis of universal, equal, and direct suffrage
by secret ballot
(1) Elections shall be universal: all citizens of the USSR who have reached the age of 18 shall have the right to vote and to be elected, with the exception of persons who have been certified insane.
(2) To be eligible for election to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR
a citizen of the USSR must have reached the age of 21.
Elections shall be equal: each citizen shall have one vote; all voters shall exercise the franchise
on an equal footing.
Elections shall be direct: deputies to all Soviets of People's Deputies
shall be elected by direct vote.
Voting at elections shall be secret: control over voters' exercise of the franchise is inadmissible
(1) The following shall have the right to nominate candidates: branches and organizations of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
, trade unions
, and the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League
; cooperatives and other public organizations; work collectives
, and meetings of servicemen in their military units.
(2) Citizens of the USSR and public organizations are guaranteed the right to free and all-round discussion of the political and personal qualities and competence of candidates, and the right to campaign for them at meetings, in the press, and on television and radio.
(3) The expenses involved in holding elections to Soviets of People's Deputies
shall be met by the state.
(1) Deputies to Soviets of People's Deputies
shall be elected by constituencies.
(2) A citizen of the USSR may not, as a rule, be elected to more than two Soviets of People's Deputies.
(3) Elections to the Soviets shall be conducted by electoral commissions consisting of representatives, and of meetings of servicemen in military units.
(4) The procedure for holding elections to Soviets of People's Deputies shall be defined by the laws of the USSR, and of Union and Autonomous Republics.
(1) Electors give mandates to their Deputies.
(2) The appropriate Soviets of People's Deputies
shall examine electors' mandates, take them into account in drafting economic and social development plans
and in drawing up the budget, organize implementation of the mandates, and inform citizens about it.
Chapter 14 Deputies
(1) Deputies are the plenipotentiary
representatives of the people in the Soviets of People's Deputies
(2) In the Soviets, Deputies deal with matters relating to state, economic, and social and cultural development, organize implementation of the decisions of the Soviets, and exercise control over the work of state bodies, enterprises, institutions and organizations.
(3) Deputies shall be guided in their activities by the interests of the state, and shall take the needs of their constituents into account and work to implement their electors' mandates.
(1) Deputies shall exercise their powers without discontinuing their regular employment or duties.
(2) During sessions of the Soviet, and so as to exercise their deputy's powers in other cases stipulated by law, Deputies shall be released from their regular employment or duties, with retention of their average earnings at their permanent place of work.
(1) A Deputy has the right to address inquiries to the appropriate state bodies and officials, who are obliged to reply to them at a session of the Soviet.
(2) Deputies have the right to approach any state or public body, enterprise, institution, or organization on matters arising from their work as Deputies and to take part in considering the questions raised by them. The heads of the state or public bodies, enterprises, institutions or organizations concerned are obliged to receive Deputies without delay and to consider their proposals within the time-limit established by law.
(1) Deputies shall be ensured conditions for the unhampered and effective exercise of their rights and duties.
(2) The immunity
of Deputies, and other guarantees of their activity as Deputies, are defined in the Law on the Status of Deputies and other legislative acts of the USSR and of Union and Autonomous Republics.
(1) Deputies shall report on their work and on that of the Soviet to their constituents, and to the work collectives and public organizations that nominated them.
(2) Deputies who have not justified the confidence of their constituents may be recalled at any time by decision of a majority of the electors in accordance with the procedure established by law.
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