Cisalpine Republic, a former State in North Italy. After the battle of Lodi, in May, 1796, General Bonaparte proceeded to organize two States -- one on the S. of the Po, the Cispadne Republic, and one on the N., the Transpadate. These two were on July 9, 1797, united into one under the title of the Cisalpine Republic, which
embraced Lombardy, Mantay, Bergamo, Brescia, Cremona, Verona, and Rovigo, the duchy of Modena, the principalities of Massa and Cararra, and the three legations of Bologna, Ferrara, and the Romagna. The
republic had a territory of more than 16,000 square miles, and a population of 3,500,000. Milan was the seat of the government or Directory. In 1802 it took the name of the Italian Republic, and chose Bonaparte for its president. A deputation from the republic in 1805 conferred on the Emperor Napoleon the title of King of Italy; after
which it formed the Kingdom of Italy till 1814.
Everybody's Cyclopedia, 1912.