Chip"pen*dale (?), a.
furniture designed, or like that designed, by Thomas Chippendale, an
English cabinetmaker of the 18th century. Chippendale furniture was
generally of simple but graceful outline with delicately carved rococo
ornamentation, sculptured either in the solid wood or, in the cheaper
specimens, separately and glued on. In the more elaborate pieces three
types are recognized: French Chippendale, having
much detail, like Louis Quatorze and Louis Quinze; Chinese
Chippendale, marked by latticework and pagodalike pediments;
and Gothic Chippendale, attempting to adapt medieval
details. The forms, as of the cabriole and chairbacks, often resemble
Queen Anne. In chairs, the seat is widened at the front, and the back
toward the top widened and bent backward, except in Chinese
Chippendale, in which the backs are usually rectangular. --
Chip"pen*dal*ism (#), n.
It must be clearly and unmistakably understood, then,
that, whenever painted (that is to say, decorated with painted
enrichment) or inlaid furniture is described as Chippendale, no
matter where or by whom, it is a million chances to one that the
description is incorrect. R. D. Benn.
© Webster 1913.