populated, 500-mile-long peninsula
in northern Queensland
between the Gulf of Carpentaria
and the Coral Sea
. The Cape York Peninsula was first discovered by the Western world in 1606, by Willem Jansz
; originally known as Carpentaria Land
, it was renamed by Captain James Cook
Notable features of this remote peninsula are huge bauxite deposits, several large Aboriginal reserves, and a number of rivers, including the Archer, Gilbert, Holroyd, Mitchell, Staaten, and Wenlock.