One of the control surfaces on an aircraft, used primarily to control roll. There is one on
the trailing edge of each wing and they are attached to the control column such that moving the latter left-to-right moves one aileron up and
the other down.
Moving an aileron down increases the lift on that wing, along with the induced drag, thus causing
the ailerons to have yaw as a secondary effect. Likewise moving an aileron up (on the opposite wing)
reduces the lift on that opposite wing.
The lift differential between the two wings causes a torque upon the fuselage, rolling it around the
Other major control surfaces (excluding powered stuff like propeller pitch, throttle) are
Secondary effects are most noticeable on aircraft with large wingspan, eg gliders
and are a cause of pot stirring. co-ordinated control is what you need to overcome secondary effects and make it look like you're actually in control of the aircraft.